TOP

みんなの未来を選ぶためのチェックリスト

Social Democratic Party

Social Democratic Party

【質問内容及び回答】

  • Japan's calorie-based food self-sufficiency rate, which was over 70% in the 1960s, has dropped to 37% by 2020. The Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries has set a goal of increasing the calorie-based food self-sufficiency rate to 45% by Fiscal Year 2030.
    Do you consider this target sufficient? If not, what’s the target number you propose?
    ばつ
    補足説明

    [If choosing NO, what’s the target number you propose?]
    50% of the total
    [Explanation]
    To improve the food self-sufficiency rate, it is necessary to revive and legislate the abolished income guarantees for individual farmers and make it permanent. At the same time, we should expand the system to cover livestock and dairy farming, vegetables, fruit trees, fisheries, and forestry, and support agricultural management regardless of the size of the business. It is also important to expand support measures for farmers, including new farmers.

  • Many of the food additives that are currently approved for use in Japan have been banned or restricted in other countries due to their reported risks.
    Do you think the current regulations on food additives are sufficient?
    ばつ
    補足説明

    We believe that we should always try to regulate food additives that are banned or regulated in other countries based on the latest findings.

  • In response to the declining demand for rice as staple food, our government has been promoting the conversion of rice paddies into fields for soybeans and crops for animal feed by providing the Direct Payments for Rice Paddy Utilization. The eligibility of this direct payments recipients has become more restricted from Fiscal Year 2022.
    Do you think the reform of d the Direct Payments for Rice Paddy Utilization should be waived?
    まる
    補足説明

    The revision of Direct Payments for Rice Paddy Utilization is a betrayal of the farmers who have cooperated with the policy of reducing rice acreage. The price drop of the 2021 rice crop has been a major blow to farmers. We need to expand the quota of government stockpiled rice, accept the excess stock of 2021 rice, and take measures to isolate the market.

  • Will you lower the higher institutions’ tuition by half as soon as possible, aiming for free higher education?
    まる
    補足説明

    We must aim to gradually make higher education free of cost.

  • Japan’s public spending on education is at the lowest level among the OECD countries.
    Will you increase the budget for education in order to eliminate teacher shortages and reduce class sizes? If so, please specify by when and how much.
    まる
    補足説明

    [By when and how much?]
    About 5% of GDP
    [Explanation]
    For Japan which has limited material resources, "human resources are the resources” for us. We should raise the budget for education at any cost, and we should expand to the level of 5% of GDP in the fiscal year 2020, which is the same level of public spending as in Finland, Sweden, and other Nordic countries.

  • The Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (MEXT) promotes "Life’s Safety Education (Inochi no anzenkyoiku)" that teaches about the consent and boundaries to protect children from sexual violence. However, this guideline has gatekeeping guideline called Hadome Kitei restricts school from teaching about actual sexual intercourse or the process of pregnancy. Due to this restriction, Life’s Safety Education doesn’t provide students sufficient knowledge and understanding of sexuality.
    Do you plan lift the gatekeeping restriction and promote comprehensive sex education that teaches children to respect for human rights, based scientific evidence?
    まる
    補足説明

    Without an explanation of "intercourse," children will not have a solid understanding of sexual knowledge, sexual violence, and sexual victimization. It is essential to promote comprehensive sex education that includes the perspectives of equality and human rights.

  • In Japan, children of foreign nationality are excluded from compulsory education and cannot receive education unless they request. There is concern some of such children may not be enrolled in elementary and junior high school, which are mandatory for Japanese citizens. In addition, Korean schools are excluded from the tuition support system for high school students, even though they meet the requirements for certification.
    Will you change the policy to guarantee equal educational opportunities for children of foreign nationalities, including free tuition for Korean schools?
    まる
    補足説明

    Everyone has the right to education. And their treatment must be equal to that of Japanese people. we should stop the discriminatory treatment of foreign children and Korean schools, and promote inclusion in the communities.

  • Japan’s government expenditures on culture and the arts account for only 0.11% of the national budget, excluding the Covid-19 response budget. This is about one tenth of that of South Korea and far less than that of Germany, France, and other countries.
    Would you increase public spending on culture within the national budget? If so, please specify how much.
    まる
    補足説明

    [How much?]
    At least 0.4%, which is at the same level as Germany.
    [Explanation]
    Cultural and artistic activities, the expression of artists in various fields, are essential for our civil society, and especially for human beings to enrich our spirits. It is important that the government actively support these activities and the venues for such activities, regardless of tradition or scale, so that they do not cease to exist, for the sake of the cultural maturity of civil society.

  • The importance of public hospitals has been reaffirmed during the COVID-19 pandemic. At the same time, plans are underway to reorganize and consolidate municipal and public hospitals.
    Do you support the consolidation of municipal/public hospitals and their privatization or conversion to local incorporated administrative agencies?
    ばつ
    補足説明

    Many people have died due to the COVID-19 pandemic because they were unable to be hospitalized due to the shortage of hospital beds and had to be cared for at home. It is likely new infectious diseases occur in the future. Under such circumstances, we oppose the consolidation of municipal and public hospitals and protect local medical care.

  • The government has raised the income of caregivers and childcare workers by about 3%, which is an average of 9,000 yen per month, in 2022. On the other hand, the average salary of caregivers and childcare workers is still said to be about 80,000 to 90,000 yen lower than the average of all industries.
    Do you intend to improve compensation for caregivers and childcare workers, including further increases of their salaries?
    まる
    補足説明

    Caregivers and nursery school teachers are indispensable, fundamentally supporting the lives, work, and social activities of users. We must improve their working conditions.

  • Currently, Japan's standards for the placement ratio of childcare workers are 1 adult for every 3 children aged 0, 1 adult for every 6 children aged 1 to 2, 1 adult for every 20 children aged 3, and 1 adult for every 30 children aged 4 to 5.
    Will you improve these standards of childcare workers placement ratio? If so, please specify how much?
    まる
    補足説明

    [The ratio]
    One childcare worker/kindergarten teacher for every 18 children aged 3-5.
    [Explanation]
    This is the average of 19 industrialized countries according to the OECD 2012 report. We should bring it up to this level.

  • Will you make emergency contraception available to purchase under the pharmacist's guidance without prescriptions?
    まる
    補足説明

    Making emergency contraceptives readily available without a prescription when needed, such as in case of contraception failure or unwanted sexual activity, will help protect the mind and body of the affected person.

  • The Maternal Protection Act stipulates that the consent from the spouse must be obtained when undergoing an abortion, except in cases of pregnancy resulting from assault or threat.
    Would you repeal the "spousal consent requirement" as stated in Article 14 of the Maternal Protection Act?
    まる
    補足説明

    It would be desirable to have a society where the pregnant person can decide whether or not to give birth.

  • There is concern that if the global temperature rise 1.5°C above, climate disasters, water shortages, and food problems will become even more serious and critical. However, if the current situation remains unchanged, the global temperature is expected to reach 2.7°C above by 2100, and efforts are required from each country to achieve the "Paris Agreement 1.5°C goal" to limit the temperature increase to 1.5°C. The Japanese government's greenhouse gas emission reduction target is "46-50% reduction compared to 2013 levels by 2030," but this is considered to be an inadequate level that does not align with the 1.5°C goal.
    Will you raise the target number of greenhouse gas emission reduction level to 62% that aligns with the Paris Agreement 1.5°C limit?
    まる
    補足説明

    Japan's targets are insufficient to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement. We the Social Democratic Party propose a 60% reduction by 2030 (compared to 2013). We should achieve the target through energy conservation and the promotion of renewable energy.

  • At the COP26 meeting held in Glasgow last year, all participating countries agreed to reduce coal-fired power generation, which is the largest source of CO2 emissions. In order to achieve the "Paris Agreement 1.5°C limit", developed countries must reduce coal-fired power generation to zero by 2030, but the Japanese government has set the target number of coal-fired power generation to 19% by 2030.
    Will you reduce domestic coal power to zero by 2030?
    まる
    補足説明

    Coal-fired power generation is a major problem because its CO2 emissions per unit of electricity generated are twice that of natural gas-fired power generation, even with the latest technology. We the Social Democratic Party have set a goal of zero emissions by 2030.

  • As each prefecture’s minimum wage varies, there is the gap of 221 YEN between the highest and the lowest minimum wages. Estimates also suggest that about 1,500 yen per hour is actually needed as living wage.
    Will you raise the minimum hourly wage to 1,500 yen nation-wide?
    まる
    補足説明

    The minimum wage needs to be unified nationwide in order to address the concentration of workers in large cities and revitalize local economies. First, we aim to achieve 1,000 yen per hour, and then 1,500 yen per hour to ensure a more stable life.

  • Introduction of selective dual surname system for married couples is being discussed in order to eliminate unwanted surname changes and unwilling De Facto marriages. Will you introduce the option of selective dual surnames for married couples,
    which would allow both couples to maintain their surnames in the family register and still be married? If so, by when do you aim to introduce the change?
    まる
    補足説明

    It is a violation of personal rights to force either party to change the family name they have used for many years in their daily lives and work due to marriage. We should amend the Civil Code and implement a selective dual surname system for married couples as soon as possible.

  • The Act on Promotion of Gender Equality in the Political Field requires each party to make efforts to have equal numbers of candidates of men and women, but actual efforts are left solely to the discretion of each party.
    Wil you make it mandatory for each party to disclose the target ratio of women in its candidate pool?
    まる
    補足説明

    We can make the efforts of each political party visible by making it obligatory to disclose numerical targets. We the Social Democratic Party set the ratio of female candidates in national elections at 50% or more, which was achieved in last year's lower house election.

  • The amount of Livelihood Assistance, which is used for the living cost such as clothes or utility bills out of Livelihood protection benefits, has been gradually reduced since 2013.
    Will you bring this back up to the previous amount that was set before 2013?
    まる
    補足説明

    We need to raise Livelihood Assistance standards in order for the Livelihood Protection system to function as the last safety net.

  • Will you enact an "LGBT Equality Law" that explicitly prohibits discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity?
    まる
    補足説明

    EU member states, many U.S. states, and Canada have already enacted laws prohibiting discrimination against sexual minorities. Japan has received an admonishment from the United Nations to prohibit discrimination. We should enact this law as soon as possible.

  • Will you legislate same-sex marriage?
    まる
    補足説明

    We should guarantee the freedom and equality of marriage.

  • The Gender Identity Disorder Special Cases Act allows a transgender individual to change their sex recognized by law. However, WHO's ICD-11, released in 2019, no longer lists "gender identity disorder" and introduces a new term called "Gender Incongruence" in the category of conditions related to sexual health. In addition, the Gender Identity Disorder Special Cases Act stipulates that one does not have minor child, is not married, and will undergo sex-reassignment surgery. This sets extremely high barriers and some of requirements are considered as human rights violations internationally.
    Will you amend the Gender Identity Disorder Special Cases Act to ease the requirements?
    まる
  • Will you reduce or abolish the consumption tax?
    まる
    補足説明

    We propose a zero consumption tax rate for three years to rebuild the lives of those who have been exhausted by the COVID-19 pandemic. In addition, we will impose a temporary tax on corporate retained earnings as a source of revenue.

  • There is concern that the implementation of the Invoice System will increase the financial and administrative burden on many businesses, including freelancers and small and medium-size businesses, and that it will prevent young talent from emerging.
    Will you terminate or abolish the implementation of the Invoice System?
    まる
    補足説明

    Regarding the Japanese Invoice System currently scheduled for introduction, small and medium-sized businesses and sole proprietors have voiced concerns that tax-exempt businesses could be excluded from trading and that the cost burden would be excessive. It is problematic to introduce this system while the current spread of the COVID-19 is still ongoing. We will consider postponing the timing of the introduction and improving the system.

  • The effective corporate tax rate has been reduced every year since 1984. Especially since 2015, expecting to see the increase of salaries and business investment, the effective corporate tax rate was further decreased, but such redistribution did not happen. Some argues that the effective corporate tax rate should be raised.
    What percentage do you think is appropriate for the effective corporate tax rate?
    -
    補足説明

    [Answer]
    Mid-to-high 30% to about 40%.
    [Explanation]
    The corporate tax rate has been gradually reduced since the 1980s. Currently, the tax rate is 12.5% in real terms, taking into account preferential tax treatment. We must return to the past corporate tax rate.

  • Do you think that the government should investigate and disclose the detailed use of the "Covid-19 Contingency funds" of over 11 trillion yen, the final use of which has not been precisely identified?
    まる
    補足説明

    The government is expanding the reserve fund, which is not subject to public scrutiny, and this is an act of disregard for fiscal democracy. It is only fair that the government discloses the use of the "COVID-19 reserve fund".

  • The government guideline says that it will encourage people to obtain “Maina Insurance Card”, which integrates the Individual Number (My Number) card and the health insurance card, and in the future aims to abolish the current health insurance card. There are various concerns such as leakage of personally identifiable information and confusion in the medical field.
    Do you support that promotes Maina Insurance Card and the abolition of the current health insurance card in tandem?
    ばつ
    補足説明

    When the My Number law was passed, medical information was to be considered in a separate law to ensure to prevent the information leakage or usage for other purposes, etc., because it contains highly sensitive information. Protection of personal information is a prerequisite.

  • Do you think that the government has sufficiently provided apology and compensation to the victims of forced sterilization under the former eugenic law to remedy their human rights violation?
    ばつ
    補足説明

    Until the last person is rescued, we strongly urge that the damage caused by the former Eugenic Protection Law be investigated, verified, reflected upon, apologized for, and remedied. And we call for a full resolution.

  • In recent years, discrimination agitation groups and online hate speech (discrimination incitement) have become more serious problems, and the Anti-Hate Speech Act was passed in 2016. However, discriminatory demonstrations and propaganda activities by xenophobic groups continue to this day, and discrimination against foreign residents and discrimination in employment have not disappeared.
    Do you agree with the swift enactment of the "Basic Law for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination" with penalties?
    まる
    補足説明

    The Japanese government is strongly urged by the UN Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination and other organizations to develop measures that meet international human rights standards. Thus, the Basic Law on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination is necessary.

  • In Japan’s Control Immigration Centers, foreign nationals, whose residency permit has been revoked but who have family in Japan or who cannot return home due to war or civil unrest in their country of nationality, are detained, sometimes for long periods of time, according to unclear criteria. Serious incidents and accidents are constantly occurring at these facilities, including deaths of detainees left without proper medical care.
    Will you stop Immigration Control Centers’ long-term/indefinite detention that usually followed by deportation, and under certain conditions, will you issue a residency permit to the foreign citizens who stay in Japan due to the circumstances that prohibit them from returning to their home country?
    まる
    補足説明

    We will prevent human rights violations in immigration detention facilities. We will address issues such as the very low refugee recognition rate, and create an inclusive society in Japan, rather than excluding immigrants and refugees.

  • The current Technical Intern Training Program for foreign nationals is barely protecting basic human rights as 70% of the participating workplaces violate the Labor Standard Law and so many cases of prohibiting pregnancy or marriage are reported, Will you abolish the Technical Intern Program for Foreign Nationals?
    ばつ
    補足説明

    In reality, this system is functioning to accept cheap labor to make up for the labor shortage in Japan. In addition, exploitation and violence are rampant. We should accept them as workers with their guaranteed status.

  • The age of consent is the minimum age at which a person is considered capable of consenting to sexual intercourse. The age of consent in Japan has never been revised since it was established in the Penal Code during the Meiji era, and is lower compared to other countries.
    Will you raise the age of consent from 13 years old to 16 years old?
    まる
    補足説明

    The age of consent is the age to draw the line when protecting children from sexual exploitation. In developed countries, it is 15-16 years old.

  • Under the current Penal Code, forced intercourse cannot be considered as a crime unless assault, intimidation, or the victim’s inability to resist is proven, but in many cases, it is difficult to prove that the victim "desperately resisted," so the damage is not recognized as damage.
    Will you revise the current Penal Code by eliminating the requirements of assault, intimidation and inability to resist from Articles 177 and 178 of the Penal Code, and make non-consensual sexual intercourses, including intercourse with a person who engages involuntarily and intercourse that takes advantage of the situation where the victim has difficulty in forming, expressing, o pursuing their consent or non-consent, punishable?
    まる
    補足説明

    There are a great number of cases where sudden sexual violence causes psychological paralysis, and fear disables the victims to resist. The same applies to cases where there is a dominant-subordinate relationship with the perpetrator. We should eliminate requirements such as "inability to resist".

  • The statute of limitations for the crime of forcible sexual intercourse is 10 years and for the crime of forcible indecency 7 years. In many cases, the statute of limitation expires before the victims becomes aware that they have been victimized, resulting unrecognized cases.
    Will you abolish the statute of limitations for crimes of forcible sexual intercourse and forcible indecency?
    まる
    補足説明

    For example, in incest, it is often the case that the child cannot even realize they are victims. We should eliminate the statute of limitations for prosecution.

  • Do you believe that there is an urgent issue that requires a constitutional amendment, not a legal amendment? If so, please specify what they are.
    ばつ
    補足説明

    There is no need to change the Constitution now. The various deadlock in society is not caused by the Constitution, but by the government's failure to utilize the Constitution's principles. It is not the "Constitution" that needs to be changed, but the "government". We the Social Democratic Party will do our utmost to rebuild the lives of the people by applying the principles of the Constitution to people's lives and politics.

  • With Japan's defense expenditures at a record high for eight consecutive years, there is a debate about further doubling the defense budget. At the same time, however, there is no clear funding source, and there is concern that taxes will be raised to pay and social security spending will be cut for the increased defense spending.
    Will you continue increasing defense spending?
    ばつ
    補足説明

    Currently, Japan's defense expenditures have ballooned to the point where it is ranked among the world's top 10. The basic policy of Japan's defense based on the Constitution of Japan is an "exclusively defense-oriented policy". Japan has the "minimum necessary" defense capability for self-defense, which is to be used only in the event of an armed attack. We oppose any further increase in defense spending.

  • For the first time since the end of World War II, the government is mulling the "enemy base attack capability," which would allow Japan to broadly attack missile bases and other military bases in the territory of other countries. This capability would enable Japan to attack other countries without a direct attack on Japan.
    Do you agree with the possession of the "enemy base attack capability" as currently being discussed?
    ばつ
    補足説明

    Japan's basic defense policy is "exclusively defense-oriented policy. We oppose possession of an "enemy base attack capability" that could even enable a preemptive attack.

  • Do you aim to participate the Treaty on the prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in the future?
    まる
    補足説明

    The abolition of nuclear weapons is Japan's "national policy". We should join the Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons immediately.

  • In response to Russia's invasion of Ukraine, there has been discussion that Japan should also start nuclear sharing. Do you agree that Japan should start nuclear sharing?
    ばつ
    補足説明

    This clearly violates the Three Non-Nuclear Principles. It is unacceptable. We should promote nuclear abolition, which is the national policy of Japan, an atomic-bombed country.

  • Regarding the relief for those who were exposed to the "black rain" containing radioactive materials that fell immediately after the atomic bombing of Hiroshima, the government recognized those who were outside the relief area as Hibakusha and made them eligible for the issuance of the Hibakusha Health Certificate.
    Will those who were exposed to the "black rain" in Nagasaki be included in the Hibakusha Health Handbook?
    まる
    補足説明

    The government has decided not to appeal the so-called "Black Rain" trial and to issue health certificates to atomic-bomb survivors in Hiroshima. We should do the same for Nagasaki.

  • Will you commit to safe decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant, and shut down all the nuclear power plants by 2030 and decommission them all one by one?
    まる
    補足説明

    We the Social Democratic Party will immediately stop the operation of nuclear power plants, quickly pass the "Basic Bill for Zero Nuclear Power Plant" to abolish nuclear power plants and nuclear-related facilities, and create a concrete roadmap.

  • Do you agree with releasing contaminated water generated from Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear into the ocean?
    ばつ
    補足説明

    The discharge of contaminated water into the ocean could cause irreversible damage and impact not only Japan but also the international community connected by the sea. Experts have proposed various alternatives for the treatment and storage of contaminated water. We the Social Democratic Party firmly oppose the discharge of contaminated water into the ocean.

  • Under the current Act on Support for Reconstructing Livelihoods of Disaster Victims, 3 million yen will be provided at maximum, depending on the extent of damage and how the house is reconstructed. However, it has been pointed out that this amount is insufficient to rebuild livelihoods if one loses their house and their job.
    Do you think that the current maximum amount of 3 million yen for Support Grants for Reconstructing Livelihoods of Disaster Victims is sufficient? If this is not sufficient, please specify the appropriate amount?
    ばつ
    補足説明

    [The appropriate amount]
    5 million yen
    [Explanation]
    In Japan, earthquakes, heavy rains, typhoons, and heavy snowfalls cause enormous damage almost every year. In addition, the recent rise in the cost of building materials and labor has made it even more difficult to rebuild homes and secure housing, and we believe that we should increase the amount from 3 million yen.

賛同人募集

『みんなの未来を選ぶためのチェックリスト 衆議院選挙2021』では、発起人と共に賛同人として名前を連ね、チェックリストの質問/回答を広めて頂ける方を募集しております。

賛同はこちらから

©みんなの未来を選ぶためのチェックリスト. All Rights Reserved.